This is a student model VITO alto saxophone being disassembled for your viewing pleasure. The saxophone is a very complex instrument comprised of many mechanical components including levers, springs, and screws. These parts must be properly adjusted to tight tolerances to allow pads to properly seal air holes when corresponding keys are pressed. These air holes are precisely spaced so that they create resonances in half scale steps when opened and closed, allowing the saxophone to play all the notes in the chromatic scale. Because the keys must be relatively easy to press, they are located by the palms, sides, or fingers of the hands. The holes, however, are located all up and down the horn. The complex system of levers exists to allow a key placed in a convenient location to actuate a hole located away from the hands.
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Removal of palm key
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View of a needle spring, which provides the return force when a key is pressed.
"Saxophone Board" holds various rods and set screws that are easily confused and labels which key they belong to.
Posts and needle springs once all rods and keys are removed. The springs on this horn are stainless steel, as opposed to the sharper blue steel springs used in professional horns.
Saxophone with its guts strewn about.
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